In the Name of Allāh, the Most
1. O mankind! Fear your Lord and be
dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing.
2. The Day you shall see it, every nursing
mother will forget her nursling, and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state,
yet they will not be drunken, but severe will be the Torment of Allāh.
3. And among mankind is he who disputes
concerning Allāh, without knowledge, and follows every rebellious (disobedient to Allāh) Shaitān (devil) (devoid of
each and every kind of good).
4. For him (the devil) it is decreed
that whosoever follows him, he will mislead him, and will drive him to the torment of the Fire. [Tafsir At-Tabarī]
5. O mankind! If you are in doubt about
the Resurrection, then verily! We have created you (i.e. Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah (mixed drops of male and
female sexual discharge i.e. offspring of Adam), then from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood) then from a little lump
of flesh, some formed and some unformed (miscarriage), that We may make (it) clear to you (i.e. to show you Our Power and
Ability to do what We will). And We cause whom We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then We bring you out
as infants, then (give you growth) that you may reach your age of full strength. And among you there is he who dies (young),
and among you there is he who is brought back to the miserable old age, so that he knows nothing after having known. And you
see the earth barren, but when We send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells and puts forth every lovely
kind (of growth).
6. That is because Allāh, He is the
Truth, and it is He Who gives life to the dead, and it is He Who is Able to do all things.
7. And surely, the Hour is coming, there
is no doubt about it, and certainly, Allāh will resurrect those who are in the graves.
8. And among men is he who disputes
about Allāh, without knowledge or guidance, or a Book giving light (from Allāh),
9. Bending his neck in pride(far astray
from the Path of Allāh), and leading (others) too (far) astray from the Path of Allāh. For him there is disgrace in this worldly
life, and on the Day of Resurrection We shall make him taste the torment of burning (Fire).
10. That is because of what your hands
have sent forth, and verily, Allāh is not unjust to (His) slaves.
11. And among mankind is he who worships
Allāh as it were, upon the very edge (i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls
him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts back to disbelief after embracing Islām). He loses both this world and the Hereafter.
That is the evident loss.
12. He calls besides Allāh unto that
which hurts him not, nor profits him. That is a straying far away.
13. He calls unto him whose harm is
nearer than his profit; certainly, and evil Maula (patron) and certainly an evil friend!
14. Truly, Allāh will admit those who
believe (in Islāmic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds (according to the Qur'ān and the Sunnah) to Gardens underneath
which rivers flow (in Paradise). Verily, Allāh does what He wills.
15. Whoever thinks that Allāh will not
help him (Muhammad SAW) in this world and in the Hereafter, let him stretch out a rope to the ceiling and let him
strangle himself. Then let him see whether his plan will remove that whereat he rages!
16. Thus have We sent it (this Qur'ān)
down (to Muhammad SAW) as clear signs, evidences and proofs, and surely, Allāh guides whom He wills.
17. Verily, those who believe (in Allāh
and in His Messenger Muhammad SAW), and those who are Jews, and the Sabians, and the Christians, and the Magians,
and those who worship others besides Allāh, truly, Allāh will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection. Verily! Allāh
is Witness over all things.
18. See you not that to Allāh prostrates
whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the
trees, and Ad-Dawāb (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and many of mankind? But there are many (men) on whom
the punishment is justified. And whomsoever Allāh disgraces, none can honour him. Verily! Allāh does what He wills.
19. These two opponents (believers and
disbelievers) dispute with each other about their Lord; then as for those who disbelieve, garments of fire will be cut out
for them, boiling water will be poured down over their heads.
20. With it will melt or vanish away
what is within their bellies, as well as (their) skins.
21. And for them are hooked rods of
iron (to punish them).
22. Every time they seek to get away
therefrom, from anguish, they will be driven back therein, and (it will be) said to them: "Taste the torment of burning!"
23. Truly, Allāh will admit those who
believe (in the Oneness of Allāh Islāmic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, to Gardens underneath which rivers flow
(in Paradise), wherein they will be adorned with bracelets of gold and pearls and their garments therein will be of silk.
24. And they are guided (in this world)
unto goodly speech (i.e. Lā ilāha ill-Allāh, Alhamdu lillāh, recitation of the Qur'ān, etc.) and they are guided to
the Path of Him (i.e. Allāh's Religion of Islāmic Monotheism), Who is Worthy of all praises.
25. Verily! Those who disbelieve and
hinder (men) from the Path of Allāh, and from Al-Masjid-al-Harām (at Makkah) which We have made (open) to (all) men,
the dweller in it and the visitor from the country are equal there [as regards its sanctity and pilgrimage (Hajj and
'Umrah)]. And whoever inclines to evil actions therein or to do wrong (i.e. practise polytheism and leave Islāmic Monotheism),
him We shall cause to taste a painful torment.
26. And (remember) when We showed Ibrāhim
(Abraham) the site of the (Sacred) House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) (saying): "Associate not anything (in worship) with Me, [Lā
ilāha ill-Allāh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allāh Islāmic Monotheism], and sanctify My House for those who
circumambulate it, and those who stand up for prayer, and those who bow (submit themselves with humility and obedience to
Allāh), and make prostration (in prayer, etc.);"
27. And proclaim to mankind the Hajj
(pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant (wide)
mountain highway (to perform Hajj).
28. That they may witness things that
are of benefit to them (i.e. reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade, etc.), and mention
the Name of Allāh on appointed days (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th day of Dhul-Hijjāh), over the beast of cattle that He
has provided for them (for sacrifice) (at the time of their slaughtering by saying: Bismillah, Wallāhu-Akbar, Allāhumma
Minka wa Ilaik). Then eat thereof and feed therewith the poor who have a very hard time.
29. Then let them complete the prescribed
duties (Manāsik of Hajj) for them, and perform their vows, and circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka'bah
30. That (Manāsik prescribed duties
of Hajj is the obligation that mankind owes to Allāh), and whoever honours the sacred things of Allāh, then that is better
for him with his Lord. The cattle are lawful to you, except those (that will be) mentioned to you (as exceptions). So shun
the abomination (worshipping) of idol, and shun lying speech (false statements)
31. Hunafā' Lillāh (i.e. to worship
none but Allāh), not associating partners (in worship, etc.) unto Him and whoever assigns partners to Allāh, it is as if he
had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place.
32. Thus it is [what has been mentioned
in the above said Verses (27, 28, 29, 30, 31) is an obligation that mankind owes to Allāh]. And whosoever honours the Symbols
of Allāh, then it is truly from the piety of the heart.
33. In them (cattle offered for sacrifice)
are benefits for you for an appointed term, and afterwards they are brought for sacrifice unto the ancient House (the Haram
- sacred territory of Makkah city).
34. And for every nation We have appointed
religious ceremonies, that they may mention the Name of Allāh over the beast of cattle that He has given them for food. And
your Ilāh (God) is One Ilāh (God Allāh), so you must submit to Him Alone (in Islām). And (O Muhammad SAW)
give glad tidings to the Mukhbitin [those who obey Allāh with humility and are humble from among the true believers
of Islāmic Monotheism],
35. Whose hearts are filled with fear
when Allāh is mentioned; who patiently bear whatever may befall them (of calamities); and who perform AsSalāt
(Iqāmat-as-Salāt), and who spend (in Allāh's Cause) out of what We have provided them.
36. And the Budn (cows, oxen,
or camels driven to be offered as sacrifices by the pilgrims at the sanctuary of Makkah.) We have made for you as among the
Symbols of Allāh, therein you have much good. So mention the Name of Allāh over them when they are drawn up in lines (for
sacrifice). Then, when they are down on their sides (after slaughter), eat thereof, and feed the beggar who does not ask (men),
and the beggar who asks (men). Thus have We made them subject to you that you may be grateful.
37. It is neither their meat nor their
blood that reaches Allāh, but it is piety from you that reaches Him. Thus have We made them subject to you that you may magnify
Allāh for His Guidance to you. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad SAW) to the Muhsinūn(doers of good).
38. Truly, Allāh defends those who believe.
Verily! Allāh likes not any treacherous ingrate to Allāh [those who disobey Allāh but obey Shaitān (Satan)].
39. Permission to fight is given to
those (i.e. believers against disbelievers), who are fighting them, (and) because they (believers) have been wronged, and
surely, Allāh is Able to give them (believers) victory
40. Those who have been expelled from
their homes unjustly only because they said: "Our Lord is Allāh." - For had it not been that Allāh checks one set of people
by means of another, monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, wherein the Name of Allāh is mentioned much would surely
have been pulled down. Verily, Allāh will help those who help His (Cause). Truly, Allāh is All-Strong, All-Mighty.
41. Those (Muslim rulers) who, if We
give them power in the land, (they) order for Iqamat-as-Salāt.[i.e. to perform the five compulsory congregational Salāt
(prayers) (the males in mosques)], to pay the Zakāt and they enjoin Al-Ma'rūf (i.e. Islāmic Monotheism and
all that Islām orders one to do), and forbid Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism and all that Islām has forbidden)
[i.e. they make the Qur'ān as the law of their country in all the spheres of life]. And with Allāh rests the end of (all)
matters (of creatures).
42. And if they belie you (O Muhammad
SAW), so were belied the Prophets before them, (by) the people of Nūh (Noah), 'Ad and Thamūd,
43. And the people of Ibrāhim (Abraham)
and the people of Lout (Lot),
44. And the dwellers of Madyan (Midian);
and belied was Mūsa (Moses), but I granted respite to the disbelievers for a while, then I seized them, and how (terrible)
was My Punishment (against their wrong-doing).
45. And many a township have We destroyed
while it was given to wrong-doing, so that it lies in ruins (up to this day), and (many) a deserted well and lofty castles!
46. Have they not travelled through
the land, and have they hearts wherewith to understand and ears wherewith to hear? Verily, it is not the eyes that grow blind,
but it is the hearts which are in the breasts that grow blind.
47. And they ask you to hasten on the
torment! And Allāh fails not His Promise. And verily, a day with your Lord is as a thousand years of what you reckon.
48. And many a township did I give respite
while it was given to wrong-doing. Then (in the end) I seized it (with punishment). And to Me is the (final) return (of all).
49. Say (O Muhammad SAW): "O
mankind! I am (sent) to you only as a plain warner."
50. So those who believe (in the Oneness
of Allāh Islāmic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, for them is forgiveness and Rizqūn Karīm (generous provision,
51. But those who strive against Our
Ayāt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), to frustrate and obstruct them, they will be dwellers
of the Hell-fire.
52. Never did We send a Messenger or
a Prophet before you, but; when he did recite the revelation or narrated or spoke, Shaitān (Satan) threw (some falsehood)
in it. But Allāh abolishes that which Shaitān (Satan) throws in. Then Allāh establishes His Revelations. And Allāh
is All-Knower, All-Wise:
53. That He (Allāh) may make what is
thrown in by Shaitān (Satan) a trial for those in whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy and disbelief) and whose
hearts are hardened. And certainly, the Zalimūn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) are in an opposition far-off (from
the truth against Allāh's Messenger and the believers).
54. And that those who have been given
knowledge may know that it (this Qur'ān) is the truth from your Lord, and that they may believe therein, and their hearts
may submit to it with humility. And verily, Allāh is the Guide of those who believe, to the Straight Path.
55. And those who disbelieve will not
cease to be in doubt about it (this Qur'ān) until the Hour comes suddenly upon them, or there comes to them the torment of
the Day after which there will be no night (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).
56. The sovereignty on that Day will
be that of Allāh (the one Who has no partners). He will judge between them. So those who believed (in the Oneness of Allāh
Islāmic Monotheism) and did righteous good deeds will be in Gardens of delight (Paradise).
57. And those who disbelieved and belied
Our Verses (of this Qur'ān), for them will be a humiliating torment (in Hell).
58. Those who emigrated in the Cause
of Allāh and after that were killed or died, surely, Allāh will provide a good provision for them. And verily, it is Allāh
Who indeed is the Best of those who make provision.
59. Truly, He will make them enter an
entrance with which they shall be well-pleased, and verily, Allāh indeed is All-Knowing, Most Forbearing.
60. That is so. And whoever has retaliated
with the like of that which he was made to suffer, and then has again been wronged, Allāh will surely help him. Verily! Allāh
indeed is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.
61. That is because Allāh merges the
night into the day, and He merges the day into the night. And verily, Allāh is All-Hearer, All-Seer.
62. That is because Allāh He is the
Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke
besides Him, it is Bātil (falsehood) And verily, Allāh He is the Most High, the Most Great.
63. See you not that Allāh sends down
water (rain) from the sky, and then the earth becomes green? Verily, Allāh is the Most Kind and Courteous, Well-Acquainted
with all things.
64. To Him belongs all that is in the
heavens and all that is on the earth. And verily, Allāh He is Rich (Free of all wants), Worthy of all praise.
65. See you not that Allāh has subjected
to you (mankind) all that is on the earth, and the ships that sail through the sea by His Command? He withholds the heaven
from falling on the earth except by His Leave. Verily, Allāh is, for mankind, full of Kindness, Most Merciful.
66. It is He, Who gave you life, and
then will cause you to die, and will again give you life (on the Day of Resurrection). Verily! Man is indeed an ingrate.
67. For every nation We have ordained
religious ceremonies [e.g. slaughtering of the beast of cattle during the three days of stay at Mīna (Makkah) during the Hajj
(pilgrimage)] which they must follow; so let them (pagans) not dispute with you on the matter (i.e. to eat of the cattle
which you slaughter, and not to eat of cattle which Allāh kills by its natural death), but invite them to your Lord. Verily!
You (O Muhammad SAW) indeed are on the (true) straight guidance. (i.e. the true religion of Islāmic Monotheism).
68. And if they argue with you (as regards
the slaughtering of the sacrifices), say; "Allāh knows best of what you do.
69. "Allāh will judge between you on
the Day of Resurrection about that wherein you used to differ."
70. Know you not that Allāh knows all
that is in heaven and on earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfūz). Verily! That is easy for Allāh.
71. And they worship besides Allāh others
for which He has sent down no authority, and of which they have no knowledge and for the Zālimūn (wrong-doers, polytheists
and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allāh) there is no helper.
72. And when Our Clear Verses are recited
to them, you will notice a denial on the faces of the disbelievers! They are nearly ready to attack with violence those who
recite Our Verses to them. Say: "Shall I tell you of something worse than that? The Fire (of Hell) which Allāh has promised
to those who disbelieve, and worst indeed is that destination!"
73. O mankind! A similitude has been
coined, so listen to it (carefully): Verily! Those on whom you call besides Allāh, cannot create (even) a fly, even though
they combine together for the purpose. And if the fly snatched away a thing from them, they would have no power to release
it from the fly. So weak are (both) the seeker and the sought.
74. They have not estimated Allāh His
Rightful Estimate; Verily, Allāh is All-Strong, All-Mighty.
75. Allāh chooses Messengers from angels
and from men. Verily, Allāh is All-Hearer, All-Seer.
76. He knows what is before them, and
what is behind them. And to Allāh return all matters (for decision).
77. O you who believe! Bow down, and
prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and do good that you may be successful.
78. And strive hard in Allāh's Cause
as you ought to strive (with sincerity and with all your efforts that His Name should be superior). He has chosen you (to
convey His Message of Islāmic Monotheism to mankind by inviting them to His religion, Islām), and has not laid upon you in
religion any hardship,it is the religion of your father Ibrahim (Abraham) (Islāmic Monotheism). It is He (Allāh) Who has named
you Muslims both before and in this (the Qur'ān), that the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) may be a witness over you and
you be witnesses over mankind! So perform AsSalāt (Iqamat-as-Salāt), give Zakāt and hold fast to
Allāh [i.e. have confidence in Allāh, and depend upon Him in all your affairs] He is your Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.),
what an Excellent Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.) and what an Excellent Helper!