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The Reality and Wisdom of Hajj
 

 

Being aware of the great objectives and wisdoms underlying the rituals of Hajj plays a vital role in achieving the perfection of Hajj. This is similar to khushu` (humble submission) in Prayer, for whoever has greater khushu` has a greater chance of his or her Prayer being accepted. Likewise with Hajj, the more one comprehends the reality and spirit of Hajj, the wisdoms and goals for which it has been ordained, and takes that as a means of correcting one’s creed and way, the more likely one’s Hajj will be accepted and the greater will be one’s reward. One will not be able to achieve this except by preparing and drowning in contemplation and research about the realities and wisdoms of Hajj. As for one who does not do this, it is feared that one’s action is a mixture of tourism and hardship.

Among the most important wisdoms and aims of Hajj that the pilgrim must be aware of are the following: 

a. Realization of Taqwa. The goal of Hajj is the realization of taqwa (piety, fearful awareness of Allah). This is why we find the link between Hajj and taqwa in many verses: Allah Most High says: [And complete the Hajj and `Umrah for Allah] (Al-Baqarah 2: 196) [So make provision for yourselves; for the best provision is At-taqwa.] (Al-Baqarah 2:197).

b. Affirmation of Tawheed. Hajj is based on making one’s intention sincere for Allah Most High and seeking with one’s act the pleasure of Allah and none other. Allah Most High says: : [And complete the Hajj and `Umrah for Allah] (Al-Baqarah 2: 196) and, within the verses speaking of Hajj, [So avoid the uncleanliness of idols and avoid false statement, inclining [only] to Allah, not associating [anything] with Him] (Al-Hajj 22: 30-31). Likewise, in the Talbiyah, which is the slogan of Hajj, performing the rituals for Allah Alone is made clear: “Labbayka, Allahumma, labbayk. Labbayka. La shareeka laka. Labbayk. Inna-l-hamda, wa-n-ni`mata, laka-wal mulk. La shareeka lak. (Here I am at Your service, O Lord, here I am. Here I am at Your service. You have no partners. Yours alone is all praise and all bounty, and Yours alone is sovereignty. You have no partners.)” (Al-Bukhari) Hajj is based on tawheed (Oneness of Allah), following the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him), and not falling into shirk of obedience, as there is no place in acts of worship for any rituals based on desires. 

c. Reverence of Allah’s Symbols (Rites) and Sanctities. Among the most apparent of goals and wisdoms of Hajj is to cultivate in the servant an appreciation, esteem, and love of Allah’s sanctities. Allah says:[Such (is his state): and whoever holds in honour the symbols of Allah, (in the sacrifice of animals), such (honour) should come truly from piety of heart.]  (Al-Hajj 22:32). 

d. Cultivation of Good and Praiseworthy Characteristics.

In Hajj one learns to refrain from all types of misbehavior, obscenity, quarrel and the like. One also tries his best to be kind and gentle towards one's fellow Muslims and care for them. Further, the difficulties one faces in this journey habituate one to patience and forbearance. 

e. Reminder of the Last Day

Hajj reminds the servant of the Last Day and its states and conditions in a clear manner, including the following:

1) Departure from his or her country and separation from the family reminds the servant of the separation from them when leaving this world for the hereafter.

2) Removal of stitched clothing and lack of adornment reminds the servant of the shroud and resurrection of servants from their graves on the Day of Resurrection barefoot and naked.

3) Journey and fatigue remind the servant of weakness and hardship of the Day of Resurrection, to the point that some will drown in sweat to their necks. 

f. Cultivation of Submission and Surrender to Allah

The pilgrim is trained in submission, surrender, and complete obedience to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, as, for example, in the abandonment of stitched clothing and adornment, Tawaf, Sa`i, standing on `Arafat, stoning the Jamarat, and shaving or cutting of the hair, and other such matters that do not have an obvious meaning. 

g. Deepening of Brotherhood Based on Faith and Islamic Unity

Pilgrims, with all their differences in tongues, races, and nationalities, gather in one place at the same time, in the same appearance, pronouncing the same call of Talbiyah, and for the same purpose: belief in Allah Most High, fulfillment of His order, and leaving of sinfulness, all of which develops deep love between them, which, in turn, becomes a motive for them to know each other, to cooperate, exchange thoughts, advice, news and experiences, reinforcing in them uprightness upon this deen that joined them together and the performance of deeds to reach higher levels. 

h. Strengthening the Attachment of Pilgrims to the Predecessors

Actions of Hajj remind of the past, from the migration of Ibrahim (peace and blessings be upon him) with his wife and infant to Hijaz, his story when he was ordered to sacrifice his son, his building of the Ka`bah, and his call to people to make Hajj. Likewise, Hajj is a reminder of the rising of our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and his farewell pilgrimage with more than 100,000 pilgrims, when he said to them, “Take from me your rites (of Hajj).” Since then ages have passed, and at the present time the number of pilgrims is more than a million. This causes the pilgrim to remember the generations that have witnessed this land before him and to remember that the final destination is the same for all. 

i. Increase in Remembrance of Allah

The servant who contemplates during the rituals of Hajj about Talbiyah, takbir (saying Allahu Akbar), tahlil (saying La ilaha illa Allah), supplication, as well as the two revelations (Qur’an and Sunnah) that speak about them, will find that an increase in remembrance of Allah Most High is among the greatest wisdoms and aims of Hajj. Allah Most High says: [Remember Allah at Al-Mash`ar Al-Haram (in Muzdalifah). Remember Him as He hath guided you, although before ye were of those astray.] (Al-Baqarah 2:198). And the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) is reported to have said, “Circumambulating of the house, [going] between As-Safa and Al-Marwa and stoning have only been legislated for establishment of remembrance of Allah on the Earth.” (At-Tirmidhi)


* Based on the Article: So That Our Hajj May Be Accepted By Faysal Ibn `Ali Al-Ba`dani. Excerpted with some modifications from www.Islaam.Com

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