In The Name of Allaah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the Universe. May peace
and blessings be upon Muhammad, the last of the prophets and messengers, and upon his family and esteemed companions.
Hajj is one of the best forms of worship and is one
of the most sublime deeds because it is one of the pillars of Islam that Allaah sent Muhammad (may the peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) with. A servant's religion is incomplete without it.
A form of worship is only acceptable when the following
1. One devotes it to Allaah alone, with a desire for
the Hereafter. It cannot be done with the intention of being seen among men or for worldly gain.
2. One follows the Prophet's example, in words deeds.
This cannot accomplished except knowledge of the Sunnah.
Forms of Pilgrimage
There are three forms of Hajj:
Tamattu': A pilgrim wears Ihram for Umrah only during the months of Hajj, which means when he reaches Makkah, he makes Tawaf
and Sa'yi for Umrah. He then shaves or clips his hair. On the day of Tarwiya, which is the eighth of Dhul-Hijja, he puts on
his Ihram for Hajj only and carries out all of its requirements.
Ifraad: A pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj
only. When he reaches Makkah, he performs Tawaf for his arrival and Sa'yi for Hajj. He doesn't shave or clip his hair as he
doesn't disengage from Ihram. Instead, he remains in Ihram till after he stones Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day. It is permissible
for him to postpone his Sa'yi for Hajj until after his Tawaf for Hajj.
Qiran: A pilgrim wears Ihram for both Umrah
and Hajj or he wears Ihram first for Umrah, then makes intentions for Hajj before his Tawaf for Hajj. The obligations on one
performing Ifraad are the same as those on one performing Qiran, except that the latter must slaughter whereas the former
is not obligated to do so. The best of the three forms is Tamattu'. It is the form that the prophet (may the peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) encouraged his followers to perform. Even if a pilgrim makes intentions to perform Qiran or Ifraad
he is allowed to change his intentions to Tamattu'; he can do this even after he has performed Tawaf and Sa'yi.
When the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) performed Tawaf and Sa'yi during the year of the Farewell Hajj with his companions, he ordered all those who
hadn't brought sacrificial animals to change their intentions for Hajj to intentions for Umrah. cut their hair, and disengage
from Ihram till Hajj. He said, " If I hadn't brought the sacrificial animal, I'd have done what I've ordered you to do."
If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for Umrah, he
should shed his clothing and bathe as he would after sexual defilement, if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard
with the best oil he can find. There is no harm in what remains of it after Ihram.
Bathing for Ihram is Sunnah for both men and women,
including menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding. After bathing and preparing himself, a. pilgrim, other
than those menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, prays the obligatory prayer, if it is time. Otherwise, he makes
his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rakass which are made each time Wudhu is performed.
When he finishes his prayer he should say: "Here I am
for Umrah, here I am, Oh Allaah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion
is yours, and you have no partner." [Talbeeyah].
A man raises his voice when saying this and a woman
says it so that only one beside her may hear her.
One in Ihram should say the Talbeeyah as often as possible,
especially when times and places change. For example: when descending or ascending during travel or when day or night approach.
He should also ask Allaah for His pleasure, for Heaven and seek refuge in Allaah's mercy from Hellfire.
One should say the Talbeeyah during Umrah, starting
from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts Tawaf. During Hajj he should say it starting from the time he puts on his
Ihram till he starts to stone Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day.
When a pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque he puts forth
his right foot first and says: "In the name of Allaah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah. Oh Allaah,
forgive me my sins and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allaah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and
in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan."
He approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right
hand and kisses it. If this isn't possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it.
It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being
harmed by other people.
When touching the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following:
"In the name of Allaah, Allaah is the greatest. Oh, Allaah, with faith in you, belief in Your book, loyalty to you, compliance
to the way of your Prophet Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)."
A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Ka'bah on his left.
When he reaches the Rukn Al Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say: " Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good
in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell fire. Oh Allaah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health in this
life and in the Hereafter."
Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say: "Allaah
is the Greatest."
During the remainder of his Tawaf he may say what he
pleases of supplications, mentioning Allaah, and recitation of Quran. This is because Tawaf, Sa'yi, and Stoning the Jamrah
have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allaah.
During this Tawaf it is necessary for a man to do two
1. Al-ldhtebaa' from the beginning of Tawaf until the
end. Al-ldhtebaa' means placing the middle of one's Reda' under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder.
When he is finished performing Tawaf, he may return
his Reda' to its original state because the time for Idhtebaa' is only during Tawaf.
2. Al-Raml during the first three circuits. Al-Raml
means speeding up one's pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits.
When he completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he approaches
Maqam Ibrahim and recites: "And take ye the station of Abraham as a place of Prayer" Chapter 2, Verse 125 [2:125].
He prays two short Rakaas, as close as conveniently
possible, behind Maqam Ibrahim. During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Chapter 109] and during the second one
Surah Al-lkhlas [Chapter 112].
When he completes the two Rakaas he should return to
the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He goes out to the Mesa'a and when he nears As-Safaa he recites: " Verily As-Safaa
and Al-Marwah are among the shrines of Allaah " [2:158].
He ascends As-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka'bah.
Facing the Ka'bah and raising his hands, he praises Allaah and makes any supplications he chooses. The Prophet (may the peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed thus: "There is no Deity but Allaah alone," three times, supplicating in between.
He descends As-Safaa and heads for Al-Marwah at a normal
pace until he reaches the green marker. He should then run fast until the next green marker. He continues toward Al-Marwah
at a normal pace. When he reaches it, he ascends it, faces the Qibla, raises his hands and repeats what he said on As-Safaa.
He descends Al-Marwah heading towards As-Safaa, taking care to walk where walking is designated, and run where running is
He continues this procedure until he completes seven
laps. Going from As-Safaa to Al-Marwah is a lap and returning is another lap.
During his Sa'yi he may recite what he wills of supplications,
recitation of Qur'an, and mentioning Allaah.
In completion of Sa'yi he shaves his head. A woman clips
her hair the length of a finger tip.
Shaving is preferable, except when Hajj is near and
there isn't sufficient time for hair to grow back. In this case it's best to clip so that hair will remain for shaving during
With that, Umrah is completed. and a pilgrim is free
to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations, etc.
In the forenoon of the eighth day of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim
purifies himself once again by bathing as he did before Umrah in the place in which he is staying, if convenient. He puts
on his Ihram and says: " Here I am for Hajj. Here I am, oh Allaah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely
all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partners."
If he fears that something will prevent him from completing
his Hajj he should make a condition when he makes his intentions, saying: " If I am prevented by any obstacle my place is
wherever I am held up." If he has no such fear, he doesn't make this condition.
A pilgrim goes to Mina and there prays Dhuhr, Asr, Magrib,
Isha and Fajr, shortening his four unit prayers so as to make them two units each, without combining them.
When the sun rises, he goes to Arafah and there prays
Dhuhr and Asr combined at the time of Dhuhr, making each one two units. He remains in Namira Mosque until sunset if possible.
He remembers Allaah and makes as many supplications as possible while facing the Qibla.
The Prophet (may the peace and blessing of Allaah be
upon him) prayed thus: "There is no Deity but Allaah alone. He has no partner. All dominion and praise are His and He is powerful
over all things.
If he grows weary it is permissible for him to engage
in beneficial conversation with his companions or reading what he can find of beneficial books, especially those concerning
Allaah's grace and abundant gifts. This will strengthen his hope in Allaah.
He should then return to his supplications and be sure
to spend the end of the day deep in supplication because the best of supplication is the supplication of the day of Arafah.
At sunset he goes from Arafah to Muzdalifah and there
prays Magrib, Isha, and Fajr. If he is tired or has little water, it is permissible for him to combine Magrib and Isha. If
he fears that he will not reach Muzdalifah until after midnight, he should pray before he reaches it for it is not permissible
to delay prayer until after midnight. He remains there, in Muzdalifah, making supplications and remembering Allaah till just
If he is weak and cannot handle the crowd during Ar-Ramy,
it is permissible for him to go to Mina at the end of the night to stone the Jamrah before the arrival of the crowd.
Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes from Muzdalifah to Mina.
Upon reaching it he does the following:
a) He throws seven consecutive pebbles at Jamrah Al-Aqaba
which is the closest monument to Makkah, saying Greatest," as he : "Allaah is the throws each pebble.
b) He slaughters the sacrificial animal, eats some of
it, and gives some to the poor. Slaughter is obligatory on the Mutamati and Qiran.
c) He shaves or clips his hair; shaving is preferable.
A woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip.
These three should be done in the above order if convenient,
but there is no restriction if one precedes another.
With that, one is allowed to come out of Ihram. He can
wear other clothing and do everything that was lawful before Ihram except engaging in marital relations.
He goes to Makkah to perform Tawaf Al-lfadha and Sa'yi,
also for Hajj. It is Sunnah to put perfume on before going to Makkah.
With the completion of this Tawaf and Sa'yi, a pilgrim
is allowed to do everything that was lawful before Ihram, including engaging in marital relations.
After performing Tawaf and Sa'yi, he returns to Mina
to spend the nights of the eleventh and twelfth days there.
He stones the three Jamrah in the afternoon of both
the eleventh and twelfth days. He starts with the first Jamrah, which is furthest from Makkah, then the middle one, and lastly
Jamrah Al-Aqaba. Each one should be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbeer. He stops after the first
and middle Jamrah to make supplications facing the Qibla. It is not permissible to stone before noon on these two days. It
is best to walk to the Jamrah, but riding is permissible.
If he is in a hurry after stoning on the twelfth day,
he leaves Mina before sunset. But if he wishes to prolong his stay, which is best, he spends the night of the thirteenth in
Mina and stones that afternoon in the same manner as on the twelfth day.
When he is ready to return to his country, he makes
Tawaf Al-Wadaa, which is seven circuits around the Ka'bah. Menstruating women and women experiencing postnatal discharge are
not obligated to perform Tawaf Al-Wadaa.
Visiting The Prophet's Mosque
1. A pilgrim goes to Madina before or after Hajj with
the intention of visiting the Prophet's mosque and praying in it. Prayer there is better than a thousand prayers elsewhere
except in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.
2. Upon reaching the mosque he prays two Rakaas of salutation
or performs any obligatory prayer that is due.
3. He goes to the grave of the Prophet (may the peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he stands before it. He greets him saying the " May the peace, mercy, and blessings
of Allaah be upon you, oh Prophet. May Allaah grant you a good reward on behalf of your people. "
He takes a step or two to his right to position himself
before Abu-Bakr and greets him saying : "May the peace, mercy, and blessing of Allaah be upon you. oh Abu-Bakr, Caliph of
the Messenger of Allaah. May Allaah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's people."
Then he takes a step or two to his right to position
himself before Umar and greets him saying: " May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allaah be upon you, oh Umar, Prince of
the believers. May Allaah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's people."
4. In a state of purity, he goes to pray in Qubaa Mosque.
5. He goes to Al-Baqee to visit Uthman's grave (may
Allaah be pleased with him). He stands before it and greets him saying: "May the peace, mercy and blessing of Allaah be upon
oh Uthman Prince of the believers. May Allaah be pleased
with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's people." He greets any other Muslims in Al-Baqee.
6. He goes to Uhud and visits the grave of Hamza (may
Allaah be pleased with him) and the other martyrs there with him. He greets them and preys to Allaah to grant them forgiveness,
mercy, and pleasure.
The following is incumbent upon the Muhrim for Hajj
1. That he be committed to Allaah's religious obligations
upon him such as prayer in its time (in congregation for men).
2. That he avoids what Allaah has prohibited such as
obscenity, inequity, and disobedience. if anyone undertakes Hajj therein. Let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling
during Hajj ~ [2:197].
3. That he avoids harming the Muslims with words or
actions within the Masha'ir or elsewhere.
4. That he avoids all of the restrictions of Ihram:
a. He shouldn't cause the loss of any of his hair or
nails. A prick by a thorn and the like is unobjectionable, even if there is bleeding.
b. He shouldn't perfume himself, his clothing, his food
or his drink after entering Ihram. He should also abstain from cleansing himself with scented soap. There is no harm in what
remains of the effect of perfume used prior to Ihram.
c. He shouldn't touch, kiss, etc. his spouse out of
passion and, even worse, shouldn't have sexual intercourse.
e. He shouldn't be wed or propose to a woman for himself
or others. f. He shouldn't wear gloves, although there is no harm in wrapping the hands in cloth. This ruling goes for both
men and women.
The following pertains specifically to men:
a) He cannot cover his head with something that touches
it, although there is no harm in the use of an umbrella, the roof of a car or tent for shade. There is also no harm in carrying
his baggage atop his head. b) He cannot wear a shirt, turban, hooded cloak trousers, or shoes. Only if he is unable to obtain
an Ezar or sandals can he wear trousers or shoes.
c) He cannot wear anything with the same qualities of
the above mentioned such as an Abea', Qubaa, hat, undershirt, etc.
It is permissible for him to wear sandals, rings, glasses,
a hearing aid. a watch, worn on his wrist or hung from his neck, or a speech aid. It is permissible for him to cleanse himself
with unscented cleansers and to wash and scratch his head and body, even if some of his hair falls unintentionally. In such
a case there is no obligation on him because of it.
A woman cannot wear a Niqab or Burqa'. The Sunnah is
for her to uncover her face except if men not related to her might see her, in which case it is obligatory for her to cover
her face during Ihram and otherwise.
Allaah is the giver of success. May His blessings be
upon our Prophet Muhammad and all of his family and companions.
By the needy before Allaah, Muhammad As-Salih Al-Uthaimeen